Lucia Nogueira studied Journalism and Communications in Brasilia and photography in Washington DC before visiting London in 1975. Planning to stay for just two weeks to see her brother, she ended up staying for the rest of her life. She studied painting first at Chelsea College of Art (1976–79) and then at the Central School of Art and Design (1979–80).
Nogueira’s first solo exhibition was at the Carlile Gallery in Islington in 1988. Major shows soon followed including at the Serpentine Gallery, London; Chisenhale Gallery, London; Ikon Gallery, Birmingham; and Camden Arts Centre, London. A retrospective exhibition was staged at the Museu Serralves in Porto in 2007. Her work is in the collection of the Tate, The Arts Council, Leeds City Art Gallery, The Henry Moore Sculpture Trust, Museu Serralves and many other important UK and international collections.